درگیری هیجانی خانواده و کیفیت رابطه با همسالان در نوجوانان: نقش واسطه ‌ای کیفیت تعامل‌ های والد-فرزندی

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد مشاوره شغلی دانشگاه رازی‌

2 استاد گروه مشاوره دانشگاه رازی‌

3 کارشناس مشاوره دانشگاه رازی‌

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش تعیین نقش واسطه‌ای کیفیت تعامل‌های والد‌ـ فرزندی در رابطه بین درگیری هیجانی خانواده و کیفیت رابطه با همسالان در نوجوانان شهر کرمانشاه بود. روش پژوهش همبستگی و جامعه آماری آن 55 هزار نفر از دانش‌آموزان شهر کرمانشاه در سال تحصیلی 96-1395 بودند. از جامعه فوق، تعداد 240 نفر از دانش‌آموزان با روش خوشه‌ای چندمرحله‌ای برای شرکت در پژوهش انتخاب شدند و به مقیاس درگیری هیجان‌های خانوادگی و سرزنش ادراک‌شده (شیلدز، فرانکز، هارپ، کمپبل و مک‌دانیل، 1994)،‌ شاخص رابطه با همسالان (هادسون، نوریوس، دالی و نیوسام، 1990) و مقیاس والد‌ـ نوجوان (بارنس و اولسون، 1982) پاسخ دادند. داده‌ها با روش تحلیل مسیر، تحلیل شد و نتایج نشان داد که از بین مسیرهای مستقیم، تنها ضریب مسیر شدت درگیری هیجانی به رابطه با همسالان معنادار نیست. همچنین نتایج نشان داد که متغیر کیفیت ارتباط والد فرزندی در رابطه بین شدت درگیری هیجانی و سرزنش ادراک‌شده با کیفیت ارتباط با همسالان، نقش واسطه‌ای ایفا می‌کند. بنابراین می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که با تقویت تبادلات باز و ابراز هیجان‌ها در فضای خانواده می‌توان به بهبود کیفیت رابطه نوجوانان با همسالانشان کمک کرد.

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