نقش واسطه‏ ای استحکام من در رابطه بین سبک‏ های دلبستگی و راهبردهای نظم‎دهی شناختی هیجان

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد دانشگاه تهران

2 کارشناس ارشد روان شناسی بالینی

3 کارشناس ارشد روان شناسی

چکیده

 
هدف اصلی این پژوهش تعیین نقش واسطه‏ای استحکام من در رابطه بین سبک‏های دلبستگی ایمن، اجتنابی و دوسوگرا، و راهبردهای نظم‎دهی شناختی هیجان بود. 511 دانشجو (269 دختر، 242 پسر) به صورت داوطلب در این پژوهش شرکت کردند. از شرکت کنندگان خواسته شد سیاهه دلبستگی بزرگسال (AAI؛ بشارت، 1384، 2011)، پرسشنامه نظم‎دهی شناختی هیجان (CERQ؛ گارنفسکی و کرایج، 2006) و مقیاس استحکام من (ESS؛ بشارت، 1386) را تکمیل کنند. نتایج پژوهش نشان دادند بین سبک دلبستگی ایمن با راهبردهای سازش‏یافته و سازش‏نایافته نظم‎دهی شناختی هیجان به ترتیب رابطة مثبت و منفی معنادار وجود دارد. بین سبک‏های دلبستگی اجتنابی و دوسوگرا با راهبردهای سازش‏یافته و سازش‏نایافته نظم‎دهی شناختی هیجان به ترتیب رابطة منفی و مثبت معنادار به دست آمد. نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون نشان دادند که استحکام من در رابطه بین سبک‏های دلبستگی و دو دسته راهبردهای سازش‏یافته و سازش‏نایافته نظم‎دهی شناختی هیجان تأثیر واسطه‎ای دارد و این تأثیر جزیی است. سبک‏های دلبستگی ایمن و ناایمن از طریق استحکام من در دو جهت متضاد تغییرات مربوط به راهبردهای سازش‏یافته و سازش‏نایافته نظم‎دهی شناختی هیجان را پیش‌بینی کردند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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