نقش هدف‎های پیشرفت در پیش‎بینی هیجان‎های ‎پیشرفت: اعتبارسنجی نظریه پکران

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه شیراز

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر  به منظور تعیین نقش هدف‎های پیشرفت در هیجان‎های مثبت و منفی پیشرفت دانشجویان انجام شد. 161 نفر (95 دختر و 66 پسر) از دانشجویان دانشگاه شیراز با روش نمونه‎برداری خوشه‎ای چندمرحله‎ای انتخاب و به پرسشنامه هدف‎های پیشرفت (الیوت و مک گریگور، 2001) و پرسشنامه هیجان‎های پیشرفت (پکران، گوئتز، تیتز و پری، 2002) پاسخ دادند. نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون چندمتغیری همزمان نشان دادند هدف چیرگی‌ـ‌گرایشی، هیجان‎های پیشرفت لذت، امید و غرور را به صورت مثبت معنادار و هیجان‎های پیشرفت خستگی، اضطراب و شرم را به صورت منفی معنادار پیش‎بینی می‎کنند. هدف چیرگی-اجتنابی پیش‎بینی‎کننده‎ مثبت هیجان شرم بود و هدف عملکرد-اجتنابی هیجان‎های شرم، اضطراب و خستگی را به صوری مثبت معنادار پیش‎بینی کرد. این نتایج نشان می‎دهند هدف‎های پیشرفت، نقش مؤثری در تجارب هیجانی دانشجویان در محیط‎های پیشرفت ایفا می‎کنند.
 

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موضوعات


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