اثربخشی آموزش مهارت‌های حل مسئله بر تعامل والد-کودک

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین اثر‌بخشی آموزش حل مسئله بر رابطه والد-کودک اجرا شد. این پژوهش از نوع شبه‌تجربی با طرح پیش‌آزمون-پس‌آزمون تک گروهی بود.گروه نمونه شامل 61 نفر از مادران کودکان 4 تا 7 سال بود. مهارت‌های حل مسئله طی 9 جلسه دو ساعته در طول 9 هفته (هر هفته یک جلسه) توسط مجریان آموزش‌دیده اجرا شد. برای ارزیابی اثربخشی برنامه آموزشی، مقیاس ارزیابی رابطه مادر-‌کودک (رابرت، 1961) مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. به منظور تحلیل یافته‌های پژوهش از روش اندازه‌گیری مکرر استفاده شد. یافته‎ها نشان دادند کارگاه تربیت کودک اندیشمند کاهش بیش‌حمایتگری، کاهش طرد فرزند و افزایش پذیرش فرزند و بهبود رابطه مادر-کودک را در پی داشته است. با این وجود تحلیل یافته‌ها، تفاوت معناداری را در زمینه مؤلفه سهل‌گیری نشان ندادند. با توجه به نتایج این پژوهش و اهمیت نقش والدین در تحول و اجتماعی ‌شدن کودکان می‌توان دریافت آموزش مهارت‌های حل مسئله بهبود تعامل‎های بین افراد خانواده به ویژه والدین و فرزندان را در پی دارد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

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